Biographies of past number theorists and various items of historical interest

Return to Menu page

Return to Number Theory Web page

Some biographies of past contributors to number theory

Some of the major sources of obituaries of mathematicians are:
  1. The Mactutor History of Mathematics (MacTutor)
  2. Russian Mathematical Surveys (RMS)
  3. Acta Arithmetica (AA)
  4. Notices of the Americal Mathematical Society (NAMS)
  5. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society (BLMS)
  6. Journal of the London Mathematical Society (JLMS) (Pre BLMS)
  7. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society (PLMS) (Pre JLMS)
  8. The Mathematical Intelligencer
  9. Journal of Number Theory
  10. Mathematicians of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (David Wilkins' transcriptions from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics, by W.W. Rouse Ball)
  11. Historia Mathematica
A glance at Paulo Ribenboim's Fermat's Last Theorem for amateurs, Franz Lemmermeyer's Reciprocity Laws and L.E. Dickson's History of the Theory of Numbers, reveals the existence of many past number theorists about whom little is known.
Any corrections, extra information or links to additional online biographies should be passed on to Keith Matthews at webmaster@numbertheory.org


[ A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M ]
[ N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z ]

  1. Rudolf Ahlswede
  2. Alexander Aigner
  3. Helen Popova Alderson
  4. William (Red) Alford
  5. William S. Anglin (1949-2004)
  6. Nesmith Ankeny
  7. Roger Apéry
  8. Tom Apostol died on May 8, 2016
  9. Peter Friedrich Arndt (Wikipedia)
  10. Cahit Arf (MacTutor)
  11. Emil Artin
  12. Robert Ash, 1935-2015
  13. Arthur Oliver Lonsdale Atkin
  14. Frederick Valentine Atkinson (Angelo B. Mingarelli)
  15. L. Aubry
  16. James Burton Ax (1937-2006)
  17. Raymond Ayoub (1923-2013)
  18. A. A. Krishnaswami Ayyangar
  19. Paul Gustav Heinrich Bachmann (MacTutor)
  20. Alan Baker (MacTutor)
  21. Mark Borisovich Barban (RMS)
  22. Eric Stephen Barnes
  23. Paul Bateman
  24. Mihály Bauer (MacTutor)
  25. Felix Behrend
  26. Eric Temple Bell (MacTutor)
  27. Gennadii Vladimirovich Belyi (1951-2001) Russ. Math. Surv. 57 981 (2002)
  28. Anne-Marie Bergé
  29. Joseph Louis François Bertrand (MacTutor)
  30. William Edward Hodgson Berwick
  31. Arne Karl August Beurling
  32. Bhaskara (MacTutor)
  33. Jacques de Billy (MacTutor)
  34. Hans Frederick Blichfeldt (MacTutor)
  35. Fritz Blumer (1904-1988)
  36. Stjepan Bohniček (1872-1956)
  37. Jonathan Michael Borwein (Wikipedia), Obituary by David Bailey
  38. Alfred Theodore Brauer (MacTutor)
  39. Joel Lee Brenner (1912-1997)
  40. Robert Breusch (1907-1995)
  41. Béla Brindza (1958-2003)
  42. Jerzy Browkin (1934-2015) (Google translation)
  43. Viggo Brun
  44. Aleksandr Adol'fovich Bukhshtab (RMS)
  45. Viktor Yakovlevich Bunyakovsky (MacTutor)
  46. David G. Cantor passed away on November 19, 2012
  47. Leonard Carlitz
  48. Robert Daniel Carmichael (Wikipedia)
  49. John (Ian) William Scott Cassels
  50. Eugène Charles Catalan (MacTutor)
  51. Claude Chabauty
  52. John H. Chalk
  53. David Gawen Champernowne (ICGA Journal 23 December 2000)
  54. Komaravolu S. Chandrashekhar (1920-2017) (Wikipedia)
  55. Albert Châtelet (MacTutor)
  56. François Châtelet (Wikipedia)
  57. Nikolai Grigorievich Chebotaryov (MacTutor)
  58. Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (MacTutor)
  59. Thyagaraju Chelluri
  60. Chen Jingrun (Wikipedia)
  61. Claude Chevalley (MacTutor)
  62. Paromita Chowla (1934-2016)
  63. Sarvadaman Chowla
  64. Nikolai Grigor'evich Chudakov
  65. Fallece Javier Cilleruelo (1961 - 2016)
  66. Paul Cohen biography (Wikipedia), Paul J. Cohen memorial web page
  67. Harvey Cohn died on May 16, 2014
  68. Robert Coleman
  69. George Erskine Cooke (21/5/1942-19/12/1976)
  70. Albert Everett Cooper
  71. Harald Cramér (MacTutor)
  72. Richard Crandall (1947-2012)
  73. Allan Joseph Champneys Cunningham (JLMS)
  74. Harold Davenport
  75. Clive Selwyn Davis (1916-2009)
  76. Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn (MacTutor)
  77. Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind (MacTutor)
  78. Hubert Delange (1913-2003)
  79. Boris Nikolaevich Delone
  80. Max Deuring
  81. Leonard Eugene Dickson (MacTutor)
  82. Diophantus of Alexandria (MacTutor)
  83. Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
  84. Bohuslav Diviš (Also see J. Number Theory 9 1977, (v-vii))
  85. Mary Dolciani
  86. Alain Durand (Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1415)
  87. Bernard Dwork
  88. Martin Eichler
  89. Ferdinand Gotthold Max Eisenstein (MacTutor)
  90. Otto Endler (1929-1988)
  91. Veikko Ennola (1932-2013)
  92. Paul Epstein
  93. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (MacTutor)
  94. Paul Erdös
  95. Theodor Estermann
  96. Dennis Estes (June 18, 1941- Feb. 1, 1999)
  97. Euclid of Alexandria (MacTutor)
  98. Leonhard Euler
  99. Graham Everest
  100. Dmitrii Konstantinovich Faddeev
  101. Naum Il'ich Feldman
  102. Pierre de Fermat
  103. Nathan Fine (NAMS)
  104. Ernests Fogels
  105. Jérôme Franel (MacTutor)
  106. Giovanni Frattini (MacTutor)
  107. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (MacTutor)
  108. Albrecht Fröhlich
  109. Wolfgang Fuchs (NAMS)
  110. Karl Rudolf Fueter
  111. Philipp Furtwängler (1869-1940)
  112. Steve Galovich
  113. Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss
  114. Leopold Bernhard Gegenbauer (MacTutor)
  115. Aleksandr Osipovich Gelfond
  116. Angelo Genocchi (MacTutor)
  117. André Gérardin
  118. Marie-Sophie Germain (MacTutor)
  119. Frank Emmett Gerth III
  120. James Whitbread Lee Glaisher (MacTutor)
  121. Herbert James Godwin (1922-2005)
  122. Christian Goldbach (MacTutor)
  123. Solomon Golomb (Stephen Wolfram), Sol Golomb - My Friend and Mentor (Alfred W. Hales)
  124. Irving John (Jack) Good (1916-2009) (Virginia Tech)
  125. Basil Gordon Also see On the work of Basil Gordon
  126. David Mark Goss (1952-2017)
  127. William Sealey Gosset (MacTutor)
  128. Jorgen Pedersen Gram (MacTutor)
  129. Marvin Jay Greenberg (1935-2017), Macmillan biography of Marvin Greenberg
  130. George Greaves (BLMS 43, (2011) 203-205)
  131. Emil Grosswald
  132. Alexander Grothendieck - obituary (The Telegraph)
  133. Fritz Grunewald (MacTutor)
  134. Andrew Paul Guinand (MacTutor)
  135. Stan Gurak
  136. Jacques Salomon Hadamard (MacTutor)
  137. Heini Halberstam
  138. Marshall Hall Jr. (MacTutor)
  139. Harris Hancock
  140. Godfrey Harold Hardy
  141. Colin Brian Haselgrove (MacTutor)
  142. Helmut Hasse
  143. David Ryan Hayes (MacTutor)
  144. Erich Hecke
  145. Kurt Heegner
  146. Hans Arnold Heilbronn (MacTutor)
  147. Kurt Hensel (MacTutor)
  148. Jacques Herbrand (MacTutor)
  149. Charles Hermite (MacTutor)
  150. Gustav Herglotz (MacTutor)
  151. David Hilbert
  152. Edmund Hlawka (Robert Tichy)
  153. Ludwig Holzer (1891-1968) (Rudolf Einhorn: Rostock. Math. Kolloq. No. 27, (1985) 23-30)
  154. Loo-keng Hua
  155. Richard Hudson (1945-2016) (ColaDaily.com)
  156. John Hunter
  157. Adolf Hurwitz
  158. Jun-ichi Igusa
  159. Masatoshi Gündüz Ikeda (MacTutor)
  160. Albert Edward Ingham
  161. Kustaa Inkeri
  162. Kenkichi Iwasawa
  163. Shokichi Iyanaga
  164. Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
  165. Ernst Jacobsthal
  166. Ralph Duncan James (MacTutor)
  167. Vojtěch Jarník
  168. Michał Kalecki (Wikipedia)
  169. Pierre Kaplan
  170. Irving Kaplansky
  171. Erich Kamke
  172. Shri Dattathreya Ramachandra Kaprekar
  173. Anatolii Alexeevich Karatsuba (1937-2008) (photo)
  174. Aubrey J. Kempner
  175. Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin (MacTutor)
  176. Péter Kiss (Wikipedia)
  177. Hendrik Douwe Kloosterman
  178. Stanislaw Knapowski (MacTutor)
  179. John Knopfmacher
  180. Marvin Knopp (1933-2011)
  181. Chao Ko (Wikipedia)
  182. Niels Fabian Helge von Koch (MacTutor)
  183. Jurjen Ferdinand Koksma (MacTutor)
  184. Kjell Kolden
  185. Ivan Korec
  186. Alexander Nikolaevich Korkine (in Russian) (english translation by Bob Burns)
  187. Miloš Kössler
  188. Marc Krasner (Wikipedia)
  189. Leopold Kronecker (MacTutor)
  190. Jonas Petrovich Kubilius
  191. Robert Maruo Kubota (1942-1973)
  192. Ernst Eduard Kummer (MacTutor)
  193. Sigekatu Kuroda
  194. József Kürschák
  195. Rodion Osievich Kuz'min (Wikipedia)
  196. Nikolai Vasil'evitch Kuznetsov (1939-2010)
  197. Joseph-Louis Lagrange
  198. Gabriel Lamé (MacTutor)
  199. Edmund Georg Hermann Landau
  200. Serge Lang
  201. Bob Laxton (1933-2002)
  202. Victor Amédée Lebesgue (1791-1875) (Les-mathematiques.net)
  203. Adrien-Marie Legendre
  204. Derrick Henry Lehmer (AA)
  205. Emma Lehmer
  206. Joseph Lehner
  207. Cornelis Gerrit Lekkerkerker (Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde)
  208. Heinrich-Wolfgang Leopoldt
  209. Mathias Lerch (MacTutor)
  210. William Judson LeVeque (NAMS)
  211. Norman Levinson (MacTutor)
  212. Donald J. Lewis (1926-2015)
  213. Richard P. Lewis died on 26th July 2007
  214. Pierre Liardet (1943-2014)
  215. Carl Louis Ferdinand von Lindemann (MacTutor)
  216. Frederick Lindemann - Lord Cherwell (1886-1957) (Wikipedia), Number Theory and Other Reminiscences of Viscount Cherwell (Notes and Records of the Royal Society of Londoni, E.M. Wright)
  217. Edward Hubert Linfoot
  218. Yuri Vladimirovich Linnik
  219. Joseph Liouville (MacTutor)
  220. John Edensor Littlewood
  221. Wilhelm Ljunggren (MacTutor)
  222. Robert Landis Long
  223. Salomon Lubelski (AA)
  224. François Edouard Anatole Lucas (MacTutor)
  225. Hans Maass (Wikipedia)
  226. Alexander Murray Macbeath
  227. Manohar Lal Madan died on April 3, 2011
  228. Kurt Mahler
  229. Wilhelm Maier (1896-1990)
  230. Edmond Maillet
  231. Henry Mann (Ohio collection)
  232. Alla Lavrik-Männlin (March 2nd, 1964-February 14th, 2003)
  233. Andrei Andreyevich Markov (MacTutor)
  234. George Ballard Mathews
  235. Emile Léonard Mathieu (MacTutor)
  236. Daniel Friedrich Ernst Meissel (MacTutor)
  237. Michel Mendès France (1936-2018)
  238. Puliyakot Kesava Menon (1917-1979) (Bull. Math. Assoc. India 18 (1986), no. 1-4, 21-24)
  239. Franz Mertens (MacTutor)
  240. William H. Mills (November 9, 1921- March 7, 2007) (See A prime-representing function, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc., Volume 53, Number 12 (1947), 1196-1196, also Wikipedia article
  241. Hermann Minkowski
  242. Dimitry Mirimanoff
  243. Leon Mirsky (BLMS 18 (1986) 195-206)
  244. Richard Anthony Mollin (1947-2014)
  245. August Ferdinand Möbius (MacTutor)
  246. Louis Joel Mordell
  247. Taro Morishima
  248. Leo Moser
  249. Theodore Samuel Motzkin
  250. Thomas Muir (MacTutor)
  251. Trygve Nagell (AA)
  252. Christopher Eastick Nelson (?-1973)
  253. Jürgen Neukirch, (1937-1997) in memoriam by Theodor Bröcker
  254. Donald J. Newman (Wikipedia)
  255. Morris Newman
  256. Ivan Niven (obituary by Kenneth Ross)
  257. Břetislav Novák
  258. Robert Winston Keith Odoni (Sept 2003 issue, Glasgow Math. Journal)
  259. Carl Douglas Olds
  260. Vyacheslav Alekseevich Oleinikov (RMS)
  261. Kathleen Timpson Ollerenshaw (MacTutor)
  262. Alexander Oppenheim
  263. Hans-Heinrich Ostmann (Wikipedia), also (Obituary JDMV 86, 1984, 31-35)
  264. Oystein Ore (MacTutor)
  265. Alexander Markowich Ostrowski
  266. Ali Özlük 1952-2012
  267. Gordon Pall (no biography)
  268. Pan Chengdong
  269. William Parry Royal Society Memoirs
  270. Wilhelm Patz (no biography)
  271. William Barry Pennington (BLMS)
  272. Oskar Perron
  273. Hans Petersson (MacTutor)
  274. Walter Philipp
  275. Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro (1929-2009)
  276. Joachim Piehler
  277. Jean François Théophile Pépin (Wikipedia)
  278. Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai
  279. Nils Pipping (1890-1982)
  280. Charles Pisot
  281. Peter Arthur Barry Pleasants (24th August 1939- 20th April 2008)
  282. Henry Cabourn Pocklington Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 8, No. 22 (Nov. 1953) 555-565 (JSTOR)
  283. Felix Pollaczek
  284. George Pólya (MacTutor)
  285. Alf van der Poorten (1942-2010)
  286. J. Popken (1905-1970) (H. Jager, C.G.Lekkerkerker: Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde 19 (1971) 1-9)
  287. Aleksei Georgievich Postnikov (RMS)
  288. Ralph Earnest Powers (Wikipedia)
  289. Karl Prachar (1924-1994) (E. Hlawka: Monatshefte für Math. 121 (1996) 1-9)
  290. Hans Rademacher
  291. S. Raghavan
  292. Steve Rallis (AMS Notices)
  293. Kanakanahalli Ramachandra
  294. Kollagunta Gopalaiyer Ramanathan
  295. Chidambaram Padmanabhan Ramanujam (MacTutor)
  296. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  297. George Neal Raney (1922-2015)
  298. Robert Alexander Rankin (MacTutor)
  299. Ramanujan website (Prof. K. Srinivasa Rao)
  300. László Rédei
  301. Hans Reichardt
  302. Robert Remak (MacTutor)
  303. Alfréd Rényi
  304. Giovanni Ricci (AA)
  305. Hans-Egon Richert
  306. Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann
  307. Hans Riesel (Wikipedia biography)
  308. Phillipe Robba (Wikipedia biography)
  309. Raphael Robinson (MacTutor)
  310. Kirill Andreevich Rodosskii (1913-2004)
  311. Claude Ambrose Rogers
  312. Leonard James Rogers (MacTutor)
  313. Jonathan Rogawski (1955-2011)
  314. Nikolai Pavlovich Romanov
  315. David Rosen
  316. Arnold Ross (NAMS)
  317. John Barkley Rosser (Wikipedia)
  318. Klaus Friedrich Roth
  319. Louis Saalschütz (Wikipedia)
  320. Raphaël Salem (Wikipedia)
  321. Pierre Samuel (Wikipedia)
  322. Peter Scherk (1910-1985)
  323. Theodor Schneider (MacTutor)
  324. Lev Genrikhovich Schnirel'mann (translation by Vladimir Drobot)
  325. Arnold Scholz
  326. Lowell Schoenfeld (John Ewing's tribute)
  327. Theodor Schönemann (Wikipedia)
  328. Issai Schur (MacTutor)
  329. Jack Schwartz died on March 2, 2009 (author of Algebraic Number Theory, 1961, NYU Institute of Mathematical Sciences) Also see Jack Schwartz Memorial Blog and Wikipedia article
  330. Stefan Schwarz (MacTutor)
  331. Wolfgang Schwarz
  332. Sanford (Sandy) Segal (1937-2010)
  333. Beniamino Segre (AA)
  334. Atle Selberg
  335. Sigmund Selberg (Wikipedia)
  336. Clas-Olaf Selenius
  337. John Selfridge (1927-2010)
  338. Joseph Alfred Serret (MacTutor)
  339. Igor Rostislavovich Shafarevich (1923-2017) (MacTutor)
  340. Joseph Shalika
  341. Daniel Shanks
  342. Harold Nathaniel Shapiro
  343. Andrei Borisovich Shidlovsky (RMS)
  344. Takuro Shintani (J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo 28 (1981) iii-vi)
  345. Lev Genrikhovich Shnirelman (MacTutor)
  346. Carl Ludwig Siegel
  347. Waclaw Sierpinski
  348. Václav Šimerka (Franz Lemmermeyer, LMS J. Computing and Mathematics, 16 (2013) 118-129) Also see Wikipedia article
  349. Stanley Skewes (Wikipedia)
  350. Albert Thoralf Skolem
  351. Boris Fadeevich Skubenko (1929-1993) (see Zap. Nauchn. Semin. POMI 212 5-14 (1994) and Boris F. Skubenko. An essay on his life and scientific work, Volume 83, Number 5/February, 1997, 689-693)
  352. Henry John Stephen Smith
  353. Robert Arnold Smith (1937-1983) (E. Kani: Rocky Mountain J. 15 (1985) 413-415)
  354. Julius Sommer (Wikipedia)
  355. Blair Spearman (1951-2017)
  356. Robert Samuel Spira (1927-2013)
  357. Vladimir Gennadievich Sprindzuk
  358. Paul Gustav Stäckel (MacTutor)
  359. Gertrude Katherine Stanley
  360. Sergei Borisovich Stechkin (RMS)
  361. Ray Steiner (1942-2014) (The Blade)
  362. Rosemarie Stemmler (July 27, 1930-July 18, 2011)
  363. Moritz Abraham Stern (MacTutor)
  364. Ludwig Stickelberger (Wikipedia)
  365. Thomas Jan Stieltjes (MacTutor)
  366. Richard G. Stoneham (1920-1996)
  367. Carl Størmer (1874-1957)
  368. Walter Wilson Stothers
  369. Reinhold Straßmann (Wikipedia)
  370. Ernst Gabor Strauss
  371. Erik Stridsberg (1871-1950)
  372. Matukumalli Venkata Subbarao, 1921-2006 (R. Balasubramanian)
  373. Zyoiti Suetuna (MacTutor)
  374. George Szekeres(1911-2005)
  375. Kazimierz Szymiczek (1939-2015)
  376. Teiji Takagi (MacTutor)
  377. In memoriam: Tsuneo Tamagawa, Wikipedia article
  378. Ralph Tambs-Lyche (Obituary by Ernst S. Selmer, Normat 39 (1991))
  379. Yutaka Taniyama
  380. Olga Taussky-Todd (MacTutor)
  381. Paul Emery Thomas (Berkeley memorial)
  382. Axel Thue
  383. Heinrich Franz Friedrich Tietze (MacTutor)
  384. Nikolai Mikhailovich Timofeev (RMS)
  385. Edward Charles Titchmarsh
  386. Paul Turán
  387. Alan Turing (Wikipedia)
  388. Jerzy Urbanowicz
  389. James Victor Uspensky (1883-1947)
  390. Charles-Joseph de la Vallée Poussin
  391. Johannes Gualtherus van der Corput (AA)
  392. Harry Schultz Vandiver (MacTutor)
  393. Joost van Hamel
  394. Jacobus Hendricus van Lint (MacTutor)
  395. Boris Alekseevich Venkov (Wikipedia)
  396. Boris Borisovich Venkov died in Aachen on November 10th, 2011
  397. Tirukkannapuram Vijayaraghavan (JLMS 33 (1958) 252-255)
  398. Askol'd Ivanovich Vinogradov (1929-2005)
  399. Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov
  400. Niels Fabian Helge von Koch (MacTutor)
  401. Karl Georg Christian von Staudt (MacTutor)
  402. Sergei Mikhailovich Voronin (RMS)
  403. Georgy Fedoseevich Voronoi (MacTutor)
  404. Arnold Zel'manovich Walfisz
  405. Donald Dines Wall (Wikipedia)
  406. Edward Waring (MacTutor)
  407. Morgan Ward
  408. Jack Warga
  409. William Charles Waterhouse (1941-2016)
  410. George Neville Watson (MacTutor)
  411. George Leo Watson
  412. Heinrich Martin Weber (MacTutor)
  413. André Weil
  414. Alfred Edward Western (JLMS)
  415. Hermann Weyl
  416. Albert Leon Whiteman (NAMS)
  417. Arthur Wieferich
  418. Carl Severin Wigert (Wikipedia)
  419. Herbert Wilf
  420. John Raymond Wilton (Australian dictionary of Biography)
  421. Anders Wiman (Trygve Nagell, Acta Math. 103 (1960) I-VI)
  422. Aurel Friedrich Wintner (MacTutor)
  423. Jan Wójcik (1936-1994) (A. Schinzel, Wiadom. Math. 33 (1997), 199-203)
  424. Dieter Wolke (1942-2015)
  425. Joseph Wolstenholme (MacTutor)
  426. Rod Worley died on 24th July 2011
  427. John Wrench Jr.
  428. Sir Edward Maitland Wright
  429. Yoshihiko Yamamoto (1941-2004)
  430. Hans Zassenhaus
  431. Egor Ivanovich Zolotarev

Top of page

Last modified 5th March 2018